Vehicular Homicide Offenses And Penalties In Ohio

Offenses & Sentences For Vehicular Homicide In Columbus And Central Ohio

The term ‘vehicular homicide’ is often used to generally describe an offense in which someone causes the death of another person with a vehicle. Ohio law actually has three separate offenses: (1) Aggravated Vehicular Homicide; (2) Vehicular Homicide; and (3) Vehicular Manslaughter. Each offense has varying levels with distinct sentences that depend on how the offense is committed and the record of the offender.

Aggravated Vehicular Homicide

The prosecution must prove that, while operating a vehicle (including a boat or aircraft), you caused the death of another person in one of the following ways: (1) as a proximate result of operating a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs; (2) recklessly; or (3) as the proximate result of committing a reckless operation offense in a construction zone. The sentence for this offense depends on how the offense is committed (which of those three ways) and the defendant’s record.

  • If this offense is committed by operating a vehicle under the influence, Aggravated Vehicular Homicide in Ohio is a second degree felony, and the potential sentence includes a mandatory prison term of two years to eight years, as well as a mandatory license suspension for life.

  • This offense is elevated to a first degree felony, punishable by up to 11 years in prison if any of the following apply: (1) driving with no license or a suspended license; (2) prior conviction for Vehicular Homicide; or (3) prior conviction for Vehicular Manslaughter or Vehicular Assault

  • This offense is elevated to a first degree felony punishable by up to 15 years in prison if any of the following apply: (1) three or more convictions in the last six years for operating a vehicle/boat/aircraft under the influence; (2) three or more convictions in the last six years for Vehicular Homicide; (3) three or more convictions in the last six years for Vehicular Assault; (4) three or more convictions in the last six years for Involuntary Manslaughter by O.V.I.; (5) a combination of 1-4 above; (5) two or more convictions for felony O.V.I.

  • If this offense is committed by operating a vehicle recklessly, or by committing a reckless operation offense in a construction zone, Aggravated Vehicular Homicide is a third degree felony, and the potential sentence includes a prison term of one year to five years, as well as a mandatory license suspension for three years to life.

  • This offense is elevated to a second degree felony, punishable by up to eight years in prison, if any of the following apply: (1) driving with no license or suspended license; (2) prior conviction for Vehicular Homicide or any traffic-related homicide, manslaughter, or assault offense.

  • The prison term for this offense is mandatory if either of the following apply: (1) prior conviction for Vehicular Homicide or Involuntary Manslaughter; or (2) driving with no license or suspended license.

  • The license suspension for this offense is elevated to a suspension for life if the offender has a prior conviction for a traffic-related murder, felonious assault, or attempted murder.
Vehicular Homicide

The prosecution must prove that, while operating a vehicle (including a boat or aircraft), you caused the death of another person in one of the following ways: (1) negligently; or (2) as the proximate result of committing a speeding offense in a construction zone. The sentence for this offense depends on how the offense is committed (which of those two ways) and the defendant’s record.

  • If this offense is committed by operating a vehicle negligently, Vehicular Homicide in Ohio is a first degree misdemeanor, and the potential sentence includes up to six months in jail and a mandatory license suspension for one year to five years.

  • If this offense is committed as the proximate result of committing a speeding offense in a construction zone, the offense is a first degree misdemeanor, and the potential sentence includes up to six months in jail (with a minimum mandatory jail sentence of 15 days) and a mandatory license suspension for one year to five years.

  • This offense is elevated to a fourth degree felony punishable by up to 18 months in prison if either of the following apply: (1) driving with no license or suspended license; (2) prior conviction for Vehicular Homicide or any traffic-related homicide, manslaughter, or assault offense.

  • The license suspension for this offense is elevated to a suspension for two to ten years if the offender has a prior conviction for a traffic-related homicide, manslaughter or assault offense.

  • The license suspension for this offense is elevated to a suspension for three years to life if the offender has a prior conviction for a traffic-related murder, felonious assault, or attempted murder.
Vehicular Manslaughter

The prosecution must prove that, while operating a vehicle (including a boat or aircraft), you caused the death of another person as the proximate result of committing a minor misdemeanor traffic offense. The sentence for this offense depends on the defendant’s record.

  • Vehicular Manslaughter in Ohio is a second degree misdemeanor, and the potential sentence includes up to 90 days in jail and a mandatory license suspension for six months to three years.

  • This offense is elevated to a first degree misdemeanor, punishable by up to six months in jail, if either of the following apply: (1) driving with no license or suspended license; (2) prior conviction for Vehicular Homicide or any traffic-related homicide, manslaughter, or assault offense.

  • The license suspension for this offense is elevated to a suspension for one year to five years if the offender has a prior conviction for a traffic-related murder, felonious assault, or attempted murder.
Lawyer For Vehicular Homicide Cases In Columbus And Central Ohio

Since 1997, I have helped many clients with Vehicular Homicide charges in Franklin County, Delaware County, and other central Ohio courts. To discuss how I can help with your Vehicular Homicide case, please EMAIL ME or call me at 614-717-1177 to arrange a free initial consultation.